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Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara in the Form of Khasarpana Lokeshvara

Late 11th-early 12th century

India, Bengal


H. 37 1/2 x W. 18 1/2 x D. 6 3/4 in. (95.3 x 47 x 17.2 cm)

Asia Society, New York: Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection, 1979.40

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Avalokiteshvara, the Bodhisattva of Compassion, can be identified by the large lotus he holds in his left hand and by the image of a seated Buddha, Amitabha, in his headdress. This composition illustrates the belief that Avalokiteshvara feeds even beings known as "hungry ghosts" as a symbol of his compassion for all living creatures. Because of lustful and greedy acts in former lives, hungry ghosts suffer from insatiable hunger, but they have tiny mouths and narrow necks and can't satisfy their bloated stomachs. Directly underneath Avalokiteshvara's outstretched right hand, which is held in the gesture of gift-giving, sits a hungry ghost known as Suchimukha. Suchimukha, whose name means "needle-nosed," is being fed by drops of nectar which flow from Avalokiteshvara's fingers.